The following article appeared recently in a free publication and I thought it deserved a larger audience …..
Holocaust survivor Eva Clarke spoke recently to the students of
Ms Clarke was born at the Mauthausen Concentration Camp in
Adolf Hitler came to power in
Yet before the ghetto officials knew of the birth of Anna’s son Dan, the infant died of pneumonia at two months of age. His death nevertheless meant the preservation of Anna’s life. Eva’s father was deported out of the ghetto and Anna – unaware of his final destination – chose to follow him on another transport, despite being pregnant for a second time (with her soon-to-be daughter Eva).
Anna arrived at Auschwitz Birkenau on 1 October 1944. Had she arrived with a born baby she would have immediately been sent to the gas chamber but because she did not – and her pregnancy was not yet evident – she was selected to work as a slave labourer in an armaments factory in
Tragically she never saw her husband again and he never knew that she was pregnant. She learned after the war that he had been shot on 18 January 1945, less than a week before the liberation of
The train arrived at Mauthausen Concentration Camp in
The gas chamber at Mauthausen Concentration Camp was blown up on 28 April, the day before they entered it. Still it was three days after Eva’s birth that the American Army liberated Mauthausen Concentration Camp. The timing of their arrival ensured the survival of mother and daughter.
After the war, in February 1948 Eva and her mother returned to
Fifteen members of Eva’s family were killed at