Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary 1837


By way of contrast with Dr Pococke’s jaundiced, personal account of Irish towns (see previous entry on Carlingford) – and indeed those of other English travellers in Ireland in the 17th-19th centuries – Samuel Lewis’s Topographical Dictionary (1837) was a disciplined, informative account from a publisher who also produced similar works on England, Wales and Scotland.

Read moreLewis’s Topographical Dictionary 1837

Events in Newry’s History




1819        St Mary’s Parish Church (COI) opened.


1823        Gas lighting comes to town:  to Ballybot in 1834.


1825        Foundation stone laid of Catholic cathedral.


1828        Cathedral opened.


In Parliament, Counsellor O’Hanlon’s son Hugh sponsored a bill for “the better lighting, watching, cleansing and   paving of the town of Newry” which became the model for all of Britain and Ireland.


1829        Newry Fever Hospital opened (sited where Intertrade is today, on

Kilmorey Street



Catholic Emancipation Act passed at Westminster


Control of Canal goes to Newry Navigation Company.


1830        Order of Poor Clares opens a convent in Newry.


1831        Patrick Jennings of Newry becomes P.M. of Victoria


1833        Cholera in Newry: 271 people affected; 127 die

                Charles Russell (Lord Killowen) born in

Dominic St




1835       Bank of Ireland, Trevor Hill was built.  Still worth seeing.


1838       Newry General Hospital on Rathfriland Hill opened.


               Daniel O’Connell visits Newry.


1841        Newry Workhouse opened.


1842        Celebrated novelist and traveller William Thackeray visited and praised Newry in print.


1843          Courthouse at Trevor Hill built.


1846           Old bridge at Ballybot (the bridge of Newry) replaced by granite structure.


1847           Poor Law duty (to make ratepayers responsible for local poor – i.e. Workhouse inmates) established.


1849           Newry-Warrenpoint railway opened.


1845-9        Great Famine decimated Ireland‘s population.  Workhouse full beyond capacity (1000).

                                          Great hunger, disease and loss of life throughout wider district and rest of Ireland. 

                                          Accelerated emigration from Newry and Warrenpoint ports.



1851         Christian Brothers came to Newry


1854         Towns Improvement (Ireland) Act in force


1855        Kerrs Mill / Sands’ Clanrye Mills erected


1865        Towns Improvement (Ireland) Act applied to Newry


                Newry-Greenore railway link opened


                Christian Brothers’ Carstands School opened


1870        Dominican Fathers come to Newry


1871       Newry Water Act for improvement of town’s supply


               Newry’s population reaches 14,158


1875        John Mitchel (and  John Martin)  dies.


Read moreEvents in Newry’s History

The Nation formed


From the late 1820s to the early 1840s the Great Liberator Daniel O’Connell strode the political stage in Ireland and at Westminster, campaigning first for Catholic Emancipation and then for Repeal (of the Act of Union). By the latter date he was quite aged and represented ‘Old Ireland’. 

Read moreThe Nation formed